In today’s world, habitats disturbed by landslides, shifting rivers, forest fires, or humans, are rapidly taken up by pioneer plants, whose motto seems to be ‘live fast, die young’. The pioneers, such as fireweed, willows, and dandelions, flourish for only a few years before being pushed away by species that represent more mature phases of succession. Here in Finland, that usually means first birches and rowens, and after a few decades, thick dark forests of spruce.
In the time of the dinosaurs, things were slightly different. Continue reading