At different times and places, humans have domesticated a a fair number of animal species, from goats to guinea pigs, horses to chickens. The dog, however, seems to be the oldest of the domesticated animals, and by far the most versatile. Man’s best friend, it is called, and with a good reason.
Dogs hunt with us, guard us and our livestock, herd sheep and cattle, guide the blind and hear for the deaf. They act as therapists, diagnose cancer, look for bombs and drugs, catch criminals. They will even find truffles. Dogs are so smart and adaptable they can be taught to do almost anything.
Maybe it’s exactly because of this versatility that canids, or members of the dog family, have been domesticated multiple times. Archaeological finds and historical records provide interesting details of tame canids from the time before dogs. Continue reading